A Queensland university researcher says a report into the impact of fly-in, fly-out (FIFO) work practices is a "fairly balanced" view of what is happening in resource communities.
A House of Representatives Committee has made 21 recommendations to help regional Australia deal with the impact of non-permanent workers, including suggestions to make mining centres more attractive for permanent workers.
The inquiry found while the system provides jobs, it also does significant damage in regional communities.
CQUniversity Professor Drew Dawson helped analyse the submissions made to the committee.
He says the report presents both sides of the argument.
"They correctly point out there are many problems associated with FIFO but there are few alternatives at the moment because the level of infrastructure in many places is very difficult to support localised development of residential housing and it is effectively a wicked problem," he said.
Professor Dawson says companies should be required to document the social problems of mining expansion in rural Australia.
He says a social impact statement could be compiled in a similar way to the current environmental and financial assessments.
"It's perfectly reasonable to expect organisations to do a social impact assessment as part of enabling an informed choice," he said.
"Here are the problems and potential issues we've identified, here's how we're going to manage them, here's how we're going to remediate them, in the same way people are required to remediate the environment from the damage of mining."
Meanwhile, the Blackwater Progress Group says affordable housing is a key issue in the central Queensland mining town.
President Lester Anderson says housing rents in Blackwater were as high as $1,500 a week during the mining peak.
"There's no way a normal family can pay that sort of accommodation," he said.
"It's usually companies that are putting half-a-dozen blokes into houses and doing hot bed changes - they're the ones that can afford it.
"With the downturn that we've had, the housing has come back a bit but once the resources industry kicks in again those prices will go back up, so it's really on the companies to start building a few houses for their workers."
He says mining communities need affordable housing.
"Our stand on the fly-in, fly-out workforce has always been that the workers need the choice, if they wish to live in the community there should be affordable housing for people to live in those communities," he said.
"If they want to fly-in and fly-out well that's fine.
"The community itself suffers if we're going to have 100 per cent fly-in, fly-out."
A Surat Basin business group says while FIFO workers are essential to mining developments in the region, that will not always be the case.
CEO Shane Charles say FIFO workers are critical for the construction phase of developments but more permanent staff are needed as project progress.
"It's the operations and maintenance phase of the projects which they're just starting to plan for now is where we'll need to have employees in the region for a long time to come," he said.
"These projects, the gas projects in particular, are going to go on for decades and we don't want the fly-in, fly-out component to be destroying communities and destroying the communities where they come from."
The Communications, Electrical and Plumbing Union (CEPU) says there has not been enough discussion about the impact of FIFO on workers.
CEPU spokesman Allen Hicks says poor rostering and communication on site is creating significant harm to workers and their families.
"There's been plenty of stories in the media about fly-in, fly-out and people wanting to work in these area," he said.
"But I don't think there's ever been a true assessment or an actual study done of the actual impact when people are away from their families for 28 days at a times and then coming back for seven days.
"I just think it's an absolutely ridiculous state of affairs and it's something we need to address because it's creating significant harm to individuals and their families.
"This is something ... we'll be campaigning [on] pretty ... long and hard up to the election and even beyond that if required.
"The resource sector is a massive industry and it's something that resource companies need to get off their backside and get involved with government with unions with the employers to make sure we've got the right mix to make sure we can look after the individuals that are in there."
Mount Isa Mayor Tony McGrady has also welcomed the federal report.
He says the committee has recommended tax offsets should only be available for permanent residents and the Commonwealth create a dedicated position in a department to deal with FIFO issues.
"There's a lot of .... [motherhood statement] stuff there but it emphasises once again that there's no easy solution to this and I think the committee have done a good job," he said.
"I would have liked them to see them go further but at the end of the day I am pleased with those two major recommendations if implemented by the Federal Government to go a long way to encouraging people to actually live in the remote parts of the state."
He says governments need to offer real incentives to encourage people to live in remote Australia.
"The description 'the cancer of the bush', they couldn't be better because that's what's happening with this fly-in, fly-out," he said.
"More and more people are leaving the remote parts of the continent and going to live in the coast fringe and they take with it all the social problems and then of course you get all the migrants coming in they don't come over here they stay in the coastal strip."
However, Cloncurry Mayor Andrew Daniels says the report has not brought anything new to the table.
He says the only way to really help communities suffering from an influx of FIFO workers is for the Federal Government to get involved.
"Governments have to take a stance and a policy towards mining companies, give them the incentive, try and get people to stay in these country areas, whether it be through tax incentives or living away from the east coast allowance or something ... we've got to find some mutual ground there where people want to be out here," he said.