There is a push to take Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students out of their communities and send them to boarding schools to improve their education.
Professor Marcia Langton, an expert in Indigenous studies, says far from creating another Stolen Generation, it would lift Indigenous communities out of poverty.
The proposal would see Indigenous children moved from their communities to boarding schools and city public schools to escape poverty.
The dividend would be a better education.
Professor Langton says it is nothing radical, rather an idea that many Aboriginal families are already embracing.
"It's quite wrong to refer to this as the Stolen Generation, a new stolen generation, because Aboriginal parents willingly send their children to these schools, they want their children to have a good education," she said.
"The conditions are there for them to perform much better than the children who don't attend boarding schools. It's a tragedy to have to say that, it's heartbreaking, but those are the facts."
Professor Langton blames a chronic lack of resources and constant experimentation for the current failures in the system.
She says it is time to stop treating Aboriginal children differently to other students.
"The banner of culturally appropriate education covers a multitude of sins. And so for instance excuses are made for failure to attend schools, excuses are made for not including Indigenous children in the normal curriculum," she said.
"It's really an insult to our culture to say that second best is what people from our culture deserve."
Some of the realities of education in Indigenous communities were laid bare earlier this month when Prime Minister Julia Gillard delivered her fifth report into the Closing the Gap strategy, which aims to improve Indigenous lives.
"I cannot conceal that these literacy and numeracy results are a source of personal disappointment," Ms Gillard said.
NAPLAN results reveal only three out of eight literacy and numeracy outcomes for Indigenous students are on course to meet their target.
Professor Langton is urging education departments and schools to consider other approaches, which could include a federal program supported by states and territories to train more Indigenous teachers; flexibility in the timing of the school year; separate classrooms for boys and girls aged over 12 years; and cross-cultural training for Aboriginal children and all children to be taught about Aboriginal history and culture.
While these ideas do not appear too controversial, removing students from their communities to get an education is something that has so far only had the backing of philanthropists and big business.
Given Australia's past it could be a brave government that embraces such a strategy, but Professor Langton says both sides of politics are warming to the idea.
"The main point though is that increasingly the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities are supporting this approach because parents see how the schools are failing their children," she said.