A Palm Island woman has lost her High Court appeal against her conviction for smuggling alcohol into a restricted area.
Joan Maloney was fined $150 after she was caught with bottles of rum and bourbon in a north Queensland Indigenous community in 2010.
The community has strict limits on importing alcohol.
Ms Maloney unsuccessfully appealed against the conviction to Queensland's District Court and Court of Appeal.
The High Court in Canberra granted Ms Maloney leave to appeal in October last year.
Ms Maloney's lawyers had challenged a Queensland law imposing the restrictions saying it breached the Racial Discrimination Act.
The court unanimously rejected the appeal.
Nineteen Indigenous communities across Queensland are covered by alcohol management plans, including Mornington Island and Doomadgee, where the sale and supply of alcohol is restricted.
Hundreds of sly-grogging charges had been put on hold until the court made its decision.
Calling the shots
Palm Island Mayor Alf Lacey says today's ruling stops residents from being able to manage their own affairs.
"It's all those people who don't live in our community and who don't live amongst us will continue to call the shots and dictate how we live our lives," he said.
Queensland Minister for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Affairs Glen Elmes has welcomed the High Court's decision, saying he knew the State Government had a strong case.
"They've agreed with the courts in Queensland and the appeal has been upheld so it is a good result, it is an excellent result for women and children on Palm Island," he said.
Indigenous advocate Mick Gooda says community involvement is the best way to tackle alcohol-related issues.
"I hope that we can all sit down - governments, community councils, the organisations that work in this way - to see what we can do with this judgment once we get a full understanding of it," he said.
The Queensland Government says it is reviewing the success of the alcohol management plans in conjunction with each of the communities.