Tougher penalties are planned for anyone who harms police dogs or horses and the provision will be extended to include attacks on guide dogs.
The changes are part of legislation going to the South Australian Parliament and would see offenders jailed for up to five years if convicted.
The proposed laws were prompted by the recent stabbing of police dog Koda by a man who allegedly tried to steal a car and break into homes at Elizabeth Vale in northern Adelaide.
Attorney-General John Rau said any abuse of guide dogs had been rare in South Australia, but there had been recent targeted attacks in Britain.
"It's become very clear to me and the Government that a very important part of our community, which is the sight-impaired part of the community, are totally dependent on their companion animals which are not only their eyes but their friends in every respect," he said.