Location/Date: Saudi Arabia - March 8, 1991

1. Wide troops in line, band playing

2. Tracking shot of US Army General Norman Schwarzkopf arriving and shaking hands with military official

3. Cutaway of soldiers

4. Mid of Schwarzkopf saluting in front of soldiers

5. Close-up of soldiers saluting

6. Mid of Schwarzkopf addressing troops, UPSOUND: (English) "Despite the fact that you were vastly outnumbered, you were determined to show any dictator that they just can't get away with bullying their neighbours and taking what they want because they think they are so tough."


Arlington, Virginia - 28 February 1999

7. Zoom in on Schwarzkopf placing memorial wreath during ceremony

8. Close-up of Schwarzkopf saluting 9. Wide of Schwarzkopf saluting


Retired Army General H Norman Schwarzkopf, who topped an illustrious military career by commanding the US-led international coalition that drove Saddam Hussein's forces out of Kuwait in 1991 died on Thursday.

He was 78.

A sister of Schwarzkopf, Ruth Barenbaum of Middlebury, Vermont, said that he died in Tampa, Florida, from complications from pneumonia.

He and his wife, Brenda, had three children: Cynthia, Jessica and Christian.

A much-decorated combat soldier in Vietnam, Schwarzkopf was known popularly as "Stormin' Norman" for a notoriously explosive temper.

He served in his last military assignment in Tampa as commander-in-chief of US Central Command, the headquarters responsible for American military and security concerns in nearly 20 countries from the eastern Mediterranean and Africa to Pakistan.

Schwarzkopf became "CINC-Centcom" in 1988 and when Saddam Hussein invaded Kuwait three years later to punish it for allegedly stealing Iraqi oil reserves, he commanded Operation Desert Storm, the coalition of some 30 countries organised by President George H.W. Bush that succeeded in driving the Iraqis out.

"General Norm Schwarzkopf, to me, epitomised the `duty, service, country' creed that has defended our freedom and seen this great nation through our most trying international crises," Bush said in a statement on Thursday.

"More than that, he was a good and decent man - and a dear friend."

At the peak of his post-war national celebrity, Schwarzkopf - a self-proclaimed political independent - rejected suggestions that he run for office, and remained far more private than other generals, although he did serve briefly as a military commentator for US network NBC.

While focused primarily in his later years on charitable enterprises, he campaigned for President George W. Bush in 2000 but was ambivalent about the 2003 invasion of Iraq, saying he doubted victory would be as easy as the White House and Pentagon predicted.

Initially Schwarzkopf had endorsed the invasion, saying he was convinced that former Secretary of State Colin Powell had given the United Nations powerful evidence of Iraqi weapons of mass destruction.

After that proved false, he said decisions to go to war should depend on what UN Weapons inspectors found.

He seldom spoke up during the conflict, but in late 2004, he sharply criticised then-Defence Secretary Donald Rumsfeld and the Pentagon for mistakes that included inadequate training for Army reservists sent to Iraq and for erroneous judgments about Iraq.

Schwarzkopf was born on 24 August, 1934, in Trenton, New Jersey, where his father, Col. H. Norman Schwarzkopf Jr., founder and commander of the New Jersey State Police, was then leading the investigation of the Lindbergh kidnap case.

The case ended with the arrest and 1936 execution of German-born carpenter Richard Hauptmann for stealing and murdering the famed aviator's infant son.

The elder Schwarzkopf was named Herbert, but when the son was asked what his "H" stood for, he would reply, "H."

Although reputed to be short-tempered with aides and subordinates, he was a friendly, talkative and even jovial figure who didn't like "Stormin' Norman" and preferred to be known as "the Bear," a sobriquet given him by troops.

After Saddam invaded Kuwait in August 1990, Schwarzkopf played a key diplomatic role by helping to persuade Saudi Arabia's King Fahd to allow US and other foreign troops to deploy on Saudi territory as a staging area for the war to come.

On 17 January 1991, a five-month build-up called Desert Shield became Operation Desert Storm as allied aircraft attacked Iraqi bases and Baghdad government facilities.

The six-week aerial campaign climaxed with a massive ground offensive on 24-28 February, routing the Iraqis from Kuwait in 100 hours before US officials called a halt.

Schwarzkopf said afterward he agreed with Bush's decision to stop the war rather than drive to Baghdad to capture Saddam, as his mission had been only to oust the Iraqis from Kuwait.